Breast exams are physical and visual inspections of the breasts. They are an important part of a physical exam, performed by either an OBGYN or a Primary Care Physician. In addition, a doctor can teach a patient how to perform these exams at home every month in order to recognize any changes.
Mammography allows doctors to detect small tumors that are easier to treat than larger, more developed tumors. And it can also detect small abnormal growths in the milk ducts of the breast, called ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Early removal of these growths will remove the risk of future harm.
A breast MRI (magnetic-resonance imaging) is a noninvasive diagnostic imaging test that produces multiple cross-sectional images of the breast to help screen for breast cancer. This advanced procedure is capable of detecting certain abnormalities that may not be found by other imaging techniques.
A breast ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging test used to examine the tissues inside the breast. By exposing the breasts to high-frequency sound waves, images of the breast tissue are created. These images can show internal movement as well as blood flow within the blood vessels in the area.